– community-based crime, violence targetedThe first component of the Citizens Security Strengthening Programme (CSSP) was launched on Wednesday with the focus on curbing crime and violence in targeted communities.The programme is a collaborative effort between the Public Security Ministry and the Inter-American Development (IDB), which is funding the CSSP.Some 20 communities in Regions Three (Essequibo Islands-West Demerara), Four (Demerara-Mahaica), Five (Mahaica-Berbice), Six (East Berbice-Corentyne) and 10 (Upper Demerara-Berbice) have been identified for the ‘Community Crime and Violence Prevention’ project – component one of the CSSP.A section of the gathering at the launching of the IDB-funded CSSP – Phase TwoFrom left: Deputy Mayor of Georgetown Sherod Duncan, IDB Country Representative Sophie Makonnen, Public Security Minister Khemraj Ramjattan, Junior Education Minister Nicolette Henry and Permanent Secretary of the Public Security Ministry, Daniella McCalmon at the launching ceremonyThe CSSP aims at reducing crime and violence in Guyana, especially in the targeted communities and among youths, by increasing their human and social capacity through various programmes; such as skills training, developing community leadership in violence prevention and promoting community cohesion, among others.Speaking at the launching ceremony, Public Security Minister Khemraj Ramjattan pointed out that the crime rate in Guyana is compounded by the high incidents of violent behaviours at the community level, especially among youths.He mentioned the recent incident where 13-year-old Daveanand Sanichar was beaten to death just over a week ago a few houses away from his Plantain Walk Beterverwagting, East Coast Demerara, home. The Minister also reflected on another incident where an 18-year-old was in the company of his father and another individual when they carried out the gruesome triple murder at Mibicuri, Black Bush Polder.“So this component of the Citizen Security Strengthening Programme is a grass roots attempt designed to address these kinds of crime and violence at the community level by reducing the contributing factors while at the same time strengthening the protective factors,” he stated.Meanwhile, Minister within the Education Ministry Nicolette Henry, who has responsibility for youth, in brief remarks highlighted the need for a collective approach in tackling the issue of crime and violence.She pointed out that for Guyana to become free from violent crimes, every citizen must play a role. “Parents, therefore, need to work with their children and even other children so that we can reduce the risks of someone that is loved becoming a perpetrator or a victim of violence and crime,” she stated.According to the Junior Education Minister, children need to be taught how to handle conflicts and problems without using force. She noted that Government has recognised this, hence, it has conducted training programmes across the various regions, targeting youths who were exposed to life skills which will help them to face challenges.Additionally, IDB Country Representative, Sophie Makonnen, also underscored the importance of having community participation in efforts to curb crime and violence, noting that it is a key component of any Citizens’ Security Strengthening Programme.She pointed out that the CSSP will contribute to addressing the key causes of crime and violence while at the same time, contributing to institutional strengthening as well.“Community-based interventions promote greater social cohesion, encourage peaceful conflict resolution and the use of mediation prevention activities in order for the communities not to get to the place where violence and Police has to intervene… Police is necessary but you do not have to go there,” she remarked.Of the US$15 million loan from the IDB, some US$5.7 million will be spent on the first component to support the ‘Community Crime and Violence Prevention’ under the CSSP.Among the 20 communities to benefit from this project are Vreen-en-Hoop and Westminster in Region Three; Rosignol in Region Five; Wismar in Region 10, and Friendship-Kildonan, Albion-Fyrish, Port Mourant and Rose Hall, Adelphi Village and Canefield and Angoy’s Avenue in Region Six.Other communities are Albouystown; Charlestown; Sophia; South Ruimveldt Park and Gardens, North Ruimveldt; Alberttown and South Cummingsburg; Kingston and Lacytown, La Pentience and West Ruimveldt, Agricola-McDoom; Mocha-Providence; Annandale-Lusignan; Buxton-Friendship and Vigilance, and Enmore-Haslington in Region Four. (Vahnu Manickchand)
The Nimba branch of the national Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has identified Wea Clan in Buu–Yao Administrative District as a marijuana production center in the county.Speaking to reporters on August 31, DEA County Commander, Col. Julius Kanubah, said citizens in Wea Clan, some of the residents are involved more in the cultivation of marijuana than their staple food, rice.He added that most of the marijuana that has been seized from traffickers is believed to have come from the area. The Clan has approximately five towns including Beaplay, old and new Beadatuo towns, Wea Neintuo and Binwea.Col. Kanubah explained that about two years ago, DEA officers raided several farms in the clan and destroyed huge quantities of young marijuana crops, but those in the production of the illegal substance continued to conduct business in the narcotic drug.He added that due to the limited manpower and the recent outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus disease (EVD), the DEA has been unable to regularly visit some of the suspected farms.He named two towns in the clan where marijuana crops are mainly produced as Wea Beadatuo and Wea Newtown respectively.Col Kanuba also named the Gbi Forest in Lower Nimba County as one of the areas where marijuana is heavily cultivated, more than rice.The Gbi Forest is situated around the Gbi and Dorlu Administrative Districts in Tappita Statutory District, Lower Nimba County. The serious challenges of accessibility to that part of the county presents an apparent security for those growing marijuana undisturbed.However, Col. Kanuba said the DEA is working with the civil authority in Buu–Yao Administrative District; a neighboring district, to help sensitize the residents to desist from cultivating marijuana.In a related development, a Nigerian national who was recently arrested and charged with cocaine trafficking in Ganta has been sent to court for trial.Paul Omerny Ikebgunm was charged for “unlawful possession of a narcotic drug (cocaine) and is expected to appear at the Sanniquellie Magisterial Court to answer to the charge.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
People’s Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) point person on the economy, Irfaan Ali predicts a bleak year ahead characterised by a stagnant economy and increasing inflation.During the PPP’s first weekly press conference of the year, Ali said the low performance of economic sectors which are known for generating foreign currency was a major contributor to the current state of the economy – which he believes would worsen throughout the year given Government’s track record and the 2017 National Budget.PPP’s economist Irfaan AliFurther, he outlined that the sugar sector saw a 19 per cent decrease in performance, rice, a 14 per cent drop; forestry, a whopping 33 per cent decline and the manufacturing sector, a 7 per cent fall.These declines in performance, he stated, contributed to the apparent shortage of foreign currency in the country, which businessmen continue to complain about, but the Central Bank continues to deny exists.“You cannot argue that supply is not drying up when you have drastic decline in these sectors that earn foreign currency… Ultimately, there must be an impact in the supply of foreign currency on the market,” he emphasised.Moreover, Ali said the year ahead would experience what was known as stagflation whereby the economy would basically be stagnant owing to lack of stimulus activities to jumpstart the economy with a low growth rate and inflation rises beyond the projections made by Finance Minister Winston Jordan.Ali said this is compounded by the fact that income across the board has remained consistently flat in the face of drastically increasing expenses.He alluded to the introduction of the Value Added Tax (VAT) on water and electricity, the removal of VAT exempt and zero-rated items, and the introduction of paid parking across Georgetown.Ali highlighted that food prices have increased as have transportation costs and oil prices, compounded with a low growth rate, currency depreciation and high levels of Non-Performing Loans that would discourage loans for the Private Sector which would ultimately affect domestic investment.Additionally, he said the underperformance of the various Ministries in 2016 contributed to the low growth the economy experienced last year.In moving forward, Ali recommended that the Government do a number of things including examining the various economic sectors and determining how best it could assist in boosting their performance.With regard to the rice sector, Ali urged Government to implement the nine-point plan the PPP had submitted previously.He further recommended that Government “look at the forestry sector and look at restrictions to see how we can get the sector going to bring in foreign currency, look at subsidy given to sugar to bring up back production so we can earn foreign currency, incentive in housing sector for new development, rely less on Government utilising local capital to fund itself and give incentive for banking sector to lend more to Private Sector”.More significantly, he advised Government to put an end to the negative rhetoric which he believed has had a dire impact on the economy.Ali contended that the negative rhetoric was inhibitive to development and to business.
Aside from his wife and sister, no other members of James Kim’s family attended the event, according to organizers. The family has mostly avoided attention during and after the ordeal, even as what a family friend described as more than 10,000 e-mails of support and sympathy have flooded in from around the world. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! The Kims were the focus of an intense manhunt and international media attention when they failed to arrive home in San Francisco after Thanksgiving. James Kim, 35, died of hypothermia in a mountain creek after walking more than 16 miles in search of help. Kati Kim and their two children, Penelope, 4, and Sabine, then 7 months, were spotted by a helicopter searcher two days after James, an online editor for a technology Web site, had set off into the forest. Spencer Kim, James Kim’s father, criticized the search and rescue effort in a January opinion piece in The Washington Post. He wrote that the rescue operation was “plagued by confusion, communication breakdowns and failures of leadership.” But at the Saturday tribute, James Kim’s sister Eva Kim offered gratitude to the agencies who aided the search. “Our family truly thanks you for all of your efforts and contributions,” she said. SAN FRANCISCO – The sun was out at a memorial tribute to James Kim on Saturday, and the clear, warm afternoon served as a poignant contrast to the frigid December day the young father of two died in the Oregon wilderness seeking help for his stranded family. His wife, Kati Kim, who was rescued by helicopter along with her two young daughters more than a week after a wrong turn on a forest road left the family snowbound, thanked the hundreds who gathered at Golden Gate Park to celebrate her husband’s life. “Without a father, it really truly does take a community to raise children,” Kim said, her voice breaking as she stood before a colorful curtain of origami cranes folded by friends and family. Kim, 30, also thanked the search and rescue crews who combed the mountains of Oregon’s Rogue River Canyon for the San Francisco family after they became lost.
11 33. Petr Cech (goalkeeper) 11 11 11 2. Mathieu Debuchy (right-back) – take a look at the full line up, in squad number order, by clicking the arrow above! And let us know what you think of our predicted Arsenal team by leaving a comment below 16. Aaron Ramsey (central midfield) 11 6. Laurent Koscielny (centre-back) Arsenal travel to Croatia tonight as they look to kick off their Champions League campaign with a win over Dinamo Zagreb.The Gunners know an early victory will be vital given they are sharing a group with Bavarian behemoths Bayern Munich.But Arsene Wenger’s men will be coming up against a team who have, astonishingly, not lost a game since November last year.So which team will the Frenchman pick to combat a side in such good form?Click the right arrow above to scroll through our predicted line up…Dinamo Zagreb v Arsenal is live on talkSPORT at 7.45pm on Wednesday 16 September. 11. Mesut Ozil (attacking midfielder) 11 17. Alexis Sanchez (left-sided forward) 11 11 12. Olivier Giroud (striker) 19. Santi Cazorla (central midfield) 5. Gabriel (centre-back) 3. Kieran Gibbs (left-back) 11 15. Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain (right-sided forward) 11 11
This week Ford C-max Donegal Daily Motoring Correspondent Brian McDaid reviews the Ford C Max in a style that only our Brian can do – starting with a song! Letterkenny, Here I ComeRight back where I started fromWhere bowers of flowersBloom in the springEach morning at dawningBirdies sing at everythingA sunkissed miss said don’t be lateThat’s why I can hardly waitOpen up that golden gateLetterkenny, Here I ComeI know by now that my mother Mary Ellen changed the location name on this song from California to Letterkenny but I’ll always recall this version on summer trips. That’s the song we always sang when we returned to Letterkenny as soon as we saw the spire of the chapel coming into view. They were the days without radios in cars when you made your own music. Advertisement Underneath the treesIn the days before Satellite Navigation, a group of old sycamore trees on the corner of the old Ballyraine Road no longer used which is now a part of a small town park near the Ballyraine School was our sure sign we were heading to the beech in Rathmullan.On board was a load of wanes, a ball, maybe a dog, a towel and swimming trunks already on to save time when you arrived at the beech. Shortly after we turned at the bridge in Ramelton, my father would start to sing “The Maid of the Sweet Brownknowe” which we would join on so we would be in full chorus which we would roar out of us as we passed by the Browneknowe National School at the top of the small break, knowing well that we soon could see the sea for the first time at the end of the next long straight which meant we soon would be in Rathmullan.Road trips Advertisement The lines of the New Ford C-Max against the evening sun in Donegal. Photo Brian McDaidIn them days we fitted into cars whichever way we could, old red leatherette seats welding themselves to your legs in the summer heat. Now it’s the cars that fit around peoples needs. Henry Ford’s surname is still in the logo of the blue oval Ford badge, it’s the Ford Cmax Titanium we are testing this week. Its loaded with extras that make life so easy for its driver and passengers. For a car that doesn’t look that big on the outside has acres of space in the inside. It has seats for five or if the wanes have grown long legs that dig into the back of your seat in a normal car.The Ford C-Max has the answer, not unlike my mother changing the location name of the song in less than a minute the middle seat in the back is stacked in the boot and the two remaining seats can be adjusted back and inwards to give loads of both leg-room and elbow room. This leaves the car one of the most comfortable four-seater available in this configuration. Add to this the massive sunroof which is ideal for Donegal weather in that you feel as if it opened with a great view of the sky above but you still have the benefit of the heater and climate condition with it closed.Some cars make big statements on the outside to say they look like they could go off road or climb mountains or have roof rails to suggest that their passengers are away every other weekend on massive adventures. The C-Max looks at things from a different angle they look from the inside out. Sitting slightly higher than the norm the C-Max makes everyday things like getting in and out of the car so easy. When you sit behind the wheel the driving position seems so perfect. The view out the massive front windscreen gives it driver a great safe view of the road.The Ford Badge on the latest Ford C-Max which has great memories of Fords in years gone by. Photo Brian Mc DaidThe C-Max we are driving this week has the 1.5 cc 95 brake horse power version which in diesel form has loads of torque and matched up with a six speed gearbox and cruise control the car is both nippy and very economical. You can still sing away on a road trip in the new Ford C-Max, (the Von Trapps, we are not), but nowadays the sound of the DAB radio and speakers everywhere might have a crisper tone to it. The sat nav on this car lets you know exactly where in the world you are at any given minute and also will advise you on what the speed limits are. When we were wanes we wanted everyone to know we were in the car heading away for a spin with our elbow out the window looking for someone we could wave at. Now our passengers are happier to sit behind privacy glass, which this Ford C-Max caters for perfectly.In the Summer of ’67 my father got his first brand new Ford Anglia Van, well it really belonged to the ESB. I remember sitting in it behind the wheel pretending to be driving away at it as it sat outside the house on our holidays in Clonmany. That’s where he was stationed, so in them days that was where you ended up on your holidays. Although we also had a Standard 8 which was the name of a family car back then, We “unofficially” went everywhere in the van sitting in the back on top of the two mudguards keeping a low profile. I still can remember that new car smell all them years ago of fresh paint and leatherette seats in that old van. 50 years on and the Fords are still with us and that new car smell is still the same in this Ford C-Max. The fabric is different and the comfort is worlds apart but the nostalgia is still in the air, and as I just go to print our Donegal Summer weather ticks another box and frightens me as the heavens open and a thunderstorm batters off the glass roof on a summers day. The massive sunroof great for looking at the sky in listening to the rain pelting down in the same Donegal Summers day. Photo Brian McDaidIt reminds me of sitting in my father new Anglia van all them years ago and the same thing happen but the noise was twice as bad as it echoed off the panels and roof of the van.Happy Motoring FolksThe middle seat in the C-max stored away in the boot which gives is back seat passengers loads of room. Photo Brian McDaid.DD Motoring: Why you’ve got to see the Ford C-Max was last modified: May 10th, 2018 by Brian McDaidShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Brian McDaidFord C Maxmotoring
Donegal County Museum are currently displaying two tasty exhibitions- ‘Jacob’s Biscuit Factory & Dublin: An Assorted History’ as well as the more local orientated, ‘Oatfield – A Short But Sweet History’The museum is delighted to be the first venue to host the Jacob’s travelling exhibition that draws on Dublin City Library and Archives vast Jacob Biscuit Factory Archive. This travelling exhibition explores all aspects of the factory’s 20th Century history.Colourful panels demonstrate the history of the factory, the workers, the products it produced and its role in Irish life. This exhibition and was funded through the Dublin City Council Decade of Commemorations. Also on display is a curated selection from Donegal County Museum’s exhibition, ‘Oatfield – A Short But Sweet History’. This explores the world of Lettekenny’s Iconic Oatfield confectionary factory through personal memories, photographs and artefacts.Oatfield Confectionery had seen many changes from its foundation in the 1920’s to 2010 when manufacture of the iconic sweets moved abroad.Oatfield sweets, manufactured in Letterkenny, were exported world-wide to over 80 countries. Caroline Carr of the Donegal County Museum urged people to come in and have a look at these quirky exhibitions.“Many memories are associated with both Jacob’s and Oatfield, whether through family members working there or simply a life-time of enjoying their wonderful selection of familiar products.“We encourage everyone to take a nostalgic trip down memory lane & visit these tasty exhibitions.”Visitors to the exhibitions and members of the public are encouraged to contact Dublin City Library and Archives (DCLA) @dclareadingroom and Donegal County Museum @Donegalcomuseum using #jacobsassorted & #oatfieldsweets to share their favourite labels or memories of Jacob’s and Oatfield. Or show us how far in the world have they ended up!We would also like to hear your stories and memories of the after-life of Jacob’s and Oatfield tins and boxes. What did you keep in the tin or box, once all the contents were eaten? For example the spare parts for the first Aer Lingus plane Iolar were carried in a Jacob’s tin!The exhibitions are on display to until the end of June. Admission free and all are welcome. Opening hours: Monday-Friday 10.00am to 4.30pm, Saturday 1.00- 4.30pm.For further information contact the MuseumTelephone: 074 9124613Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Donegal County Museum secures two new exciting exhibitions was last modified: May 22nd, 2018 by Chris CannonShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Donegal County MuseumJacobs biscuitsletterkennyOatfiledsweets
OAKLAND — The Warriors wrapped up practice Tuesday afternoon in anticipation of Wednesday’s matchup against the Thunder.Here are the biggest takeaways from the session.Stephen Curry (groin) expected to be out through the weekend. Curry – who is expected to be re-evaluated Saturday before a home matchup against the Kings – isn’t expected to be in uniform when the Warriors take the court.“He’s not playing Saturday,” said Warriors coach Steve Kerr Tuesday afternoon.Stephen Curry …
Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Tags:#Trends#Video Services#web Yesterday, Nielsen announced that they will make their new “Internet Meter” available by year’s end to measure the online television viewing audience. Until now, this ever-increasing demographic has been left out of U.S. television ratings as Nielsen currently focuses only on live and time-shifted (i.e. DVR) TV viewings. Says the company, the Internet Meter software will be deployed by the end of 2009 to their “People Meter” households – the chosen few whose TV-viewing habits function as the representative sample for measuring a show’s success. This new addition to the ratings game is bound to have a major impact on TV monetization efforts as both networks and advertisers will see, officially, how many viewers have tuned in to watch this “2nd screen.” The Internet Changes Everything, TV Just One Example The internet leaves no business model untouched and unchanged, especially when it comes to media consumption. Whether music, movies, journalism, publishing, or TV, the impact of having high-speed, always-on connectivity has revolutionized how we interact and entertain ourselves. But in the wake of these changes, media companies are left struggling to monetize their efforts, all of sudden discovering that their old business model now looks like a square peg getting hammered into a very round hole.TV viewing habits are just one example of this change. Not only are companies like Comcast and Time Warner experimenting with on-demand online viewing initiatives, the networks themselves now post their top shows to the web. The major TV networks have featured streaming video on their websites for years. Meanwhile, several networks and studios, including NBC Universal, FOX, and ABC, have banded together to offer Hulu, a popular destination for commercial-supported streaming video.But putting shows online has its drawbacks, as networks are finding out. Without solid measurement tools, making the shows available on other platforms is, in the short term, hurting the bottom line. In a recent issue of TV Guide magazine, for example, it was noted that networks are specifically facing problems with re-runs. Where before a second airing of an episode from a popular show could make decent money, they’re now finding less viewers tuning in thanks to on-demand offerings and online viewings. According to one unnamed network exec, this presents a huge challenge for the networks. “We’re not like cable, which has a second revenue stream from subscribers,” the exec said. “We need to amortize these very expensive shows.”Measuring the Web TV Audience: A Tricky Prospect Through anecdotal evidence, we know that more people are watching TV online these days. It comes up in conversation among friends, especially when someone laments how they “forgot to record” a program. They now know they can go online and get caught up. Others find themselves relaxing in front of their laptop’s screen nearly as often as they hang out in their living room to watch the big screen. In fact, thanks to the recession, more people than ever have decided to cancel their cable TV subscriptions to save money, realizing that many of their favorite programs are available through alternative methods, including online streams. Need proof? Just look at the Google Insights chart for the term “cancel cable.” Then there are the recent statistics from the nonprofit Conference Board that show how online viewing is on the rise. According to their findings, nearly a quarter of U.S. households now watch TV online, up 20% from last year. New shows are most popular, watched by 43% of viewers followed by 35% of viewers who watch sitcoms, dramas, and comedies. And 90% of the viewings take place at home. Unfortunately, there hasn’t been a good way to effectively monitor and measure the online TV viewing audience. When Nielsen previously reported on Hulu’s viewing numbers for instance, Hulu lashed out at the company claiming the numbers were wildly inaccurate. At the time, Nielsen was using a combination of web beacons to determine when streams started and stopped while also measuring the web use of a panel of 200,000 online users. Hulu themselves, however, preferred to quote numbers from measurement firm comScore, especially since that company reported a much higher reach even as Nielsen noticed a slight decline. The problem here, as we noted at the time, is that online measurements aren’t standardized, making it difficult to accurately determine audience counts. A brand, whether Hulu or any other online video provider, could look at the measurements from major firms like comScore, Compete, or Quantcast, and then pick the company whose estimates were the highest when crafting their “look at us grow!” type press releases. In all honesty, it’s probably better that Nielsen gets involved to more objectively report the online traffic through their representative sample methodology. It may not be entirely accurate either, but at least you know that it’s coming from an unbiased third party. The “Internet Meter” Will Deliver Hard DataAt the moment, the Internet Meter software resides in a test group of 375 People Meter households, which has allowed the company to evaluate its capabilities before rolling it out to the remaining group. In addition, the software has been deployed to the company’s online panel (as mentioned above) which now measures over 230,000 individuals. Installation of the software will be completed in 2010 but full implementation won’t be seen until the following year. If that seems like too slow of a pace, it’s only because the company is being very careful, fully knowledgeable of the major impact this technology will have on the TV industry. According to Sara Erichson, President, Media Client Services in North America, Nielsen will not take “any actions that would dilute the reliability of the core television ratings data.”Once the Nielsen data goes live, it will reveal a plethora of information regarding not just viewing numbers but also the demographics of who watches what and when. The information can then be used by advertisers and marketers who want to target niche audiences like the hip crowd who watches sci-fi shows but never stays home on Fridays to view them live on TV when they air. Or the group of people who are too embarrassed to set their DVRs to record “Ugly Betty,” but sneak in the guilty pleasure online in their free time. Expect the online ads interspersed with the online content to soon become more precise and more targeted than they are now, thanks to these sorts of reveals. Perhaps the networks will even be able to charge more for ads, once they have numbers to back them up. That would be a good thing for the industry as a whole as well as consumers, since it could lead to more shows being put online. Who knows, maybe one day we’ll even be able to purchase online-only cable TV subscriptions, too. A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts sarah perez
What’s moisture have to with energy? Quite a bit, actually. When we tighten up or insulate a house, there’s the potential of causing moisture problems that could harm your health by allowing mold to grow or affect the life of materials your house is built from. And any time you work on a house, especially when you do things that affect the exterior envelope (walls, roof, foundation), you’re provided with an opportunity to fix problems that may already exist.Moisture gets into houses in lots of ways—sometimes as liquid water and sometimes as invisible water vapor. It can leak in from the outdoors—from a leaky roof or improper flashing around windows, for example. It can come from leaking pipes inside the house. It can seep into a basement from rainfall or groundwater. It can be brought into a house in unseasoned firewood. It can be introduced as water vapor from showers, cooking, and even house plants. And it can enter as water vapor from humid outdoor air—either raising the indoor humidity level or condensing into liquid water on cool surfaces.Moisture in houses can cause various problems. If drywall, wood, and other organic building materials get wet and fail to dry out, mold growth and rot can occur. Some molds produce spores that are toxic. Decay shortens the life of materials like wood and, in the case of load-bearing framing, can sometimes cause structural collapse.Even if there isn’t actual wetness from water, high levels of relative humidity can be enough to raise the moisture content of wood, drywall, and other cellulosic materials, which may support mold growth and decay organisms.Fortunately, mold- and decay-prone materials like wood can cycle in their moisture content. During the summer months, when relative humidity levels in houses tend to be quite high, wood absorbs moisture. Then, during the winter, when humidity levels drop, the wood dries out.To enable this natural cycling in moisture content, experts in building science usually recommend that relative humidity levels in the winter be kept below about 40%. With significant moisture sources, such as those mentioned above, or if there is inadequate ventilation, we can create problems. When we tighten a house, we can exacerbate these problems.The following strategies can help to prevent moisture problems: 1. Eliminate unwanted moisture sources. For example: fix roof and wall or window flashing leaks; improve drainage around the house to keep moisture away from the foundation; immediately fix any plumbing leaks; and never dry firewood indoors. 2. Improve or replace windows. Single-glazed windows provide cold surfaces where water can condense out of the air during the winter months. This water can collect at the sill or on the frame and result in mold growth or decay. Adding a storm window or replacing single-glazed with newer, high-performance windows should prevent condensation.3. Provide mechanical ventilation. In most homes, mechanical ventilation is recommended to ensure adequate fresh air exchange; this is especially important in a house that has been insulated and weatherized. At a minimum, use a high-quality, quiet, outside-venting bath fan; the fan can be set up to operate intermittently or whenever the relative humidity is above a certain level. Better than relying on a bath fan is installing a whole-house ventilation system, such as a heat-recovery ventilator (also called an air-to-air heat exchanger).4. Keep an eye on relative humidity levels. An inexpensive digital humidity meter (often measuring both temperature and humidity), such as those available from Radio Shack, can help you identify problem conditions.If mold or decay is found in a house, along with determining where the moisture is coming from, eliminating that source, and providing mechanical ventilation, it’s important to thoroughly clean any moldy surfaces. In some cases, it’s necessary to replace materials that have gotten moldy or where decay has begun.To learn more about building science, moisture, and mold problems, consider attending the workshop “Got Mold? Energy Efficiency and Moisture Management” being taught by my colleague Peter Yost next Saturday, October 4th. Peter’s workshop is part of the first annual Brattleboro Area Family Energy Fair being put on by the Brattleboro chapter of Habitat for Humanity. Other workshops and exhibits will cover home energy audits and solar energy systems. For information, call Gini Milkey at 802-254-2040 or visit bratthabitat.org.